Shibori is a traditional Japanese textile finishing technique that has been used in the country for over 400 years and involves refining fabrics through extremely intricate handwork. In it, parts of the textile surface are tied, sewn or folded before dyeing. Through this careful manipulation of the textiles, subsequent dyeing yields flowing colour gradients and contrasts, and even three-dimensional patterns and structures.
The production process has remained practically unchanged throughout centuries and is reminiscent of a village production chain. Before completion, a textile will typically pass through four of five different pairs of hands. Traditionally, shibori was used on silk and cotton fabrics, which were then made into typical Japanese clothing such as kimonos.